In this post, you will learn important basics of knowledge exchange and mapping. Moreover, you will understand why it is important. Few technologies have dominated the past few centuries. For instance, 18th century as an amazing time of great mechanical systems that accompanied Industrial Revolution.
The 19th century was the time of the steam engine. This has been followed by information harvesting, processing, and dissemination. Other notable developments include world wide web, radio and television, and launching communication satellites. People have now realized that information alone is not enough; knowledge is what matters. This explains the shift from Information to Knowledge.
What is knowledge?
Information can be defined as a set of data with interpretation and context. It is the basis for knowledge. On the other hand, knowledge is defined as a set of information and data plus the addition of expert experience and opinion. The result is a valuable asset that can be applied or used in decision making. Knowledge can be tacit and/or explicit, collective and/or individual.
This term is relatively new, but the truth is that it is not. It has been practiced in our everyday life. What is not done is documentation, and it is not done in a systematic manner. According to the British Council, knowledge mapping is about keeping a record of knowledge and information. It is necessary to know where you can get, who is holding it, and the expertise.
K-map or knowledge mapping comes in handy as it shows you details of each bit of information, which exists in every organization including the quality, accessibility, and location. Knowledge mapping is quite important practice as it consists of survey, synthesis, and audit. Moreover, it aims to track the acquisition and loss of knowledge and information. It does explore group and personal proficiencies and competencies. Knowledge mapping will help organizations to appreciate the influence of intellectual capital.
Creation of knowledge maps
It is possible to create knowledge maps by transfer of explicit and tacit knowledge into graphical formats, which are easy to interpret and understand by end-users. They can be experts, managers, system creators, or anybody. The following are some of the objects that are mapped:
- Explicit knowledge
- Access right
- Process knowledge
What knowledge maps show
They show the flows, sources, sinks, and constraints of knowledge in a given organization. It can be considered as a navigational aid to both tacit knowledge and explicit knowledge.…